Section one features a sequence of dramatic monologues in which Bishop’s apocryphal version of the biblical Adam relates his fraught progress from new life to new loss. The second and fourth sections feature a series of seven dramatic monologues addressed to the reader, each entitled “Secret Fellow Sufferers.” The book’s third section consists solely of the sequence, “To Throw the Little Bones that Speak,” which takes its title from the I Ching and describes a topsy-turvy boat ride through a vernacular Hades. Characterized by brash musicality and quicksilver shifts in tone and diction, Bishop’s mordant and sobering poetry is more confrontational than confessional in its rendering of the evasions, posturing, and poignancy of grief and resentment.
In Bishop’s poem “Terms of Service,” which precedes the collection’s first section and introduces the insoluble dilemmas at the book’s core, life is imagined as a service provider using legalese to protect itself from being held liable for inevitable tragedies and disappointments. With its burlesquing of a non-poetic form, as well as its intricate use of rhyme and figurative language, “Terms of Service” showcases the collection’s tragicomic tension:
Furthermore should the signed’s father choke in his sleep,Much of what makes Bishop’s speakers absorbing is that they’re not the solace-seekers of typical elegy; rather, they are speakers who’ve slowly discovered how endless accumulation of experience and its attendant loss negates the possibility of lasting solace. Because of this discovery, his speakers value rebellion and struggle rather than putting stock in faith and resignation. Bishop’s speaker begins the third poem in the “Secret Fellow Sufferers” sequence with a simile describing the stark beauty that suffering can draw out: “once more our old wounds / like milkweed pods have opened, and we’re lovely again // as our winces break off in the wind.” The speaker then goes on to stress his fundamental belief that life is an advance rather than a retreat:
should his brother spoon down a brown bottle of pills,
should his mother succumb to the village of tumors
thatching their damp huts inside her,
the signed shall hold harmless said company
for adjusting the terms of the Family Plan.
As a courtesy in such cases the company may reveal itself
through flocks of oddly colored birds that land
[ . . . ] We must identifySuch belief also colors the monologues of Bishop’s Adam. In one of the collection’s finest marriages of conceit, tone, and diction, “Adam Home from the Wars,” Adam mocks the very possibility of lasting solace:
the ones of us who’ve lived whole years
with a wasp in their mouths, and our enemies
who believe the trick to ascending
to a bright hereafter is to tread so lightly
they float away—
Yes, when the orchard’s dolled up in pastelPerhaps the most subtle yet revealing poem about the speaker’s fraught relationship with his father is “At the Optometrist’s I Almost Remember a Story I’ve Almost Remembered Before.” The poem’s perfectly-paced collusion between image and incident creates an unsettling account of trauma’s psychic legacy. After another optometrist informs the speaker about a tear in his lens that was likely caused by childhood trauma, the speaker reflects on the image this reminder calls up. Ingeniously, Bishop begins the poem with a simple, striking description of that image:
and the finches scrawl cursive across the sky
and the big moon sags like a tit o’er the meadows
I’ll trade in my Glock for a pocket of dew.
My father had one thumbnail like a fossil—Bishop then spends the rest of the poem slowly turning this maimed thumb into a symbol of dominance and a cause for rebellion. By having the speaker fail to make explicit the connection between the torn lens and the possible abuse, Bishop is able to deliver a fascinating insight about the difficulty people have when trying to classify personal tribulations using facile categories:
scalloped, marbled yellow, a slug print trapped in lime.
“Canning factory,” the story went. “Conveyor belt.”
[ . . . ] I don’t rememberWith The Night We’re Not Sleeping In, Bishop has created a monument to internal conflict and shown that disentangling the distortions of grief from the essential animosities of the human condition is the project of a lifetime. Bishop’s technical resourcefulness and prying imagination have united to create a knotty and generous collection in which personal character is subjected to the crucible of grief and loss.
any trauma. What I do
is my father: how when he was ashamed,
or sorry, he’d tuck his mangled nail into his palm